Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

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Linguaphile
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Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

Postby Linguaphile » 2017-08-12, 2:54

I thought it would be interesting to see the more literal meanings of the phrases and questions that are commonly used when greeting people. Any level of formality - they don't have to be exact equivalents to the others listed (so 'hello', 'good morning', etc. are all fair game). As an example I chose different phrases for Estonian and Võru even though they do have greetings that are exact equivalents in terms of meaning - I just picked different ones for variety. It won't be an exact science since it's not always possible to translate phatic expressions truly literally - the point is just to see a variety of ways to greet people and what they mean. Starting with a few... add what you can!

[flag=]en[/flag] Hello. How are you?

[flag=]es[/flag] Buenos días. Good days. ¿Cómo está Usted? How are you?
[flag=]fr[/flag] Bonjour. Good day. Comment allez-vous? How do you go?

[flag=]de[/flag] Hallo. Hello. Wie geht's? How does it go?

[flag=]ru[/flag] Здравствуйте! Be healthy/well. Как дела? How is business/affairs?

[flag=]et[/flag] Tere. Hello (historically from terve 'healthy, complete'). Kuidas läheb? How does it go?
[flag=]vro[/flag] Tereq. Hello (historically from terveq 'healthy, complete'). Kuis käsi käü? How does the hand/arm go?

[flag=]hmn[/flag] Nyob zoo. Live well. Koj puas noj qab nyob zoo? Do you eat and live well?

[flag=]bm[/flag] I ni tile! You and the sun! I ka kεnε? Are you well?
Learning is a treasure that follows its owner everywhere. El aprendizaje es un tesoro que sigue a su dueño por todas partes. Õpitu on aare, mis saadab oma omanikku kõikjal. Lernen ist ein Schatz, der seinem Besitzer überallhin folgt. L'apprentissage est un trésor qui suit son propriétaire partout. Txoj kev kawm yog cov khoom muaj nqis, uas raws nws tus tswv qhov txhia chaw. Op'minõ om aarõq, miä saat uma umanikku egäl puul.

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Re: Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

Postby księżycowy » 2017-08-13, 0:00

Ok, I'll add two.

[flag=]en[/flag] Hello. How are you?

[flag=]es[/flag] Buenos días. Good days. ¿Cómo está Usted? How are you?
[flag=]fr[/flag] Bonjour. Good day. Comment allez-vous? How do you go?

[flag=]de[/flag] Hallo. Hello. Wie geht's? How does it go?

[flag=]ru[/flag] Здравствуйте! Be healthy/well. Как дела? How is business/affairs?

[flag=]ga[/flag] [Munster] Dia dhuit. God to you. Dia's Muire dhuit. God and Mary to you. Conas tánn tú? How are you? (Historically the verb tá, which tánn is a form of, is said to have meant "to stand")

[flag=]et[/flag] Tere. Hello (historically from terve 'healthy, complete'). Kuidas läheb? How does it go?
[flag=]vro[/flag] Tereq. Hello (historically from terveq 'healthy, complete'). Kuis käsi käü? How does the hand/arm go?

[flag=]ja[/flag]こんにちは this day + topic particle お元気ですか。 Are [you] lively/energetic/healthy?

[flag=]hmn[/flag] Nyob zoo. Live well. Koj puas noj qab nyob zoo? Do you eat and live well?

[flag=]bm[/flag] I ni tile! You and the sun! I ka kεnε? Are you well?

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Re: Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

Postby Osias » 2017-08-13, 0:55

pt-br

[flag=]en[/flag] Hello. How are you?

[flag=]es[/flag] Buenos días. Good days. ¿Cómo está Usted? How are you?
[flag=]fr[/flag] Bonjour. Good day. Comment allez-vous? How do you go?
[flag=]pt-br[/flag] Bom dia. Good day. Como vai você? How do you go?

[flag=]de[/flag] Hallo. Hello. Wie geht's? How does it go?

[flag=]ru[/flag] Здравствуйте! Be healthy/well. Как дела? How is business/affairs?

[flag=]ga[/flag] [Munster] Dia dhuit. God to you. Dia's Muire dhuit. God and Mary to you. Conas tánn tú? How are you? (Historically the verb tá, which tánn is a form of, is said to have meant "to stand")

[flag=]et[/flag] Tere. Hello (historically from terve 'healthy, complete'). Kuidas läheb? How does it go?
[flag=]vro[/flag] Tereq. Hello (historically from terveq 'healthy, complete'). Kuis käsi käü? How does the hand/arm go?

[flag=]ja[/flag]こんにちは this day + topic particle お元気ですか。 Are [you] lively/energetic/healthy?

[flag=]hmn[/flag] Nyob zoo. Live well. Koj puas noj qab nyob zoo? Do you eat and live well?

[flag=]bm[/flag] I ni tile! You and the sun! I ka kεnε? Are you well?
2017 est l'année du (fr) et de l'(de) pour moi. Parle avec moi en eux, s'il te plait.

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Re: Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

Postby Hent » 2017-08-13, 12:17

+Czech

[flag=]en[/flag] Hello. How are you?

[flag=]es[/flag] Buenos días. Good days. ¿Cómo está Usted? How are you?
[flag=]fr[/flag] Bonjour. Good day. Comment allez-vous? How do you go?
[flag=]pt-br[/flag] Bom dia. Good day. Como vai você? How do you go?

[flag=]de[/flag] Hallo. Hello. Wie geht's? How does it go?

[flag=]ru[/flag] Здравствуйте! Be healthy/well. Как дела? How is business/affairs?
[flag=]cs[/flag] Dobrý den. Good day Jak se máte? How are you having yourself?

[flag=]ga[/flag] [Munster] Dia dhuit. God to you. Dia's Muire dhuit. God and Mary to you. Conas tánn tú? How are you? (Historically the verb tá, which tánn is a form of, is said to have meant "to stand")

[flag=]et[/flag] Tere. Hello (historically from terve 'healthy, complete'). Kuidas läheb? How does it go?
[flag=]vro[/flag] Tereq. Hello (historically from terveq 'healthy, complete'). Kuis käsi käü? How does the hand/arm go?

[flag=]ja[/flag]こんにちは this day + topic particle お元気ですか。 Are [you] lively/energetic/healthy?

[flag=]hmn[/flag] Nyob zoo. Live well. Koj puas noj qab nyob zoo? Do you eat and live well?

[flag=]bm[/flag] I ni tile! You and the sun! I ka kεnε? Are you well?[/quote]

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Re: Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

Postby Naava » 2017-08-13, 12:41

+Finnish. I chose terve for greeting because the others don't really mean anything as far as I know, except 'good day' etc which I don't find very interesting tbh. :mrgreen:

[flag=]en[/flag] Hello. How are you?

[flag=]es[/flag] Buenos días. Good days. ¿Cómo está Usted? How are you?
[flag=]fr[/flag] Bonjour. Good day. Comment allez-vous? How do you go?
[flag=]pt-br[/flag] Bom dia. Good day. Como vai você? How do you go?

[flag=]de[/flag] Hallo. Hello. Wie geht's? How does it go?

[flag=]ru[/flag] Здравствуйте! Be healthy/well. Как дела? How is business/affairs?
[flag=]cs[/flag] Dobrý den. Good day Jak se máte? How are you having yourself?

[flag=]ga[/flag] [Munster] Dia dhuit. God to you. Dia's Muire dhuit. God and Mary to you. Conas tánn tú? How are you? (Historically the verb tá, which tánn is a form of, is said to have meant "to stand")

[flag=]et[/flag] Tere. Hello (historically from terve 'healthy, complete'). Kuidas läheb? How does it go?
[flag=]vro[/flag] Tereq. Hello (historically from terveq 'healthy, complete'). Kuis käsi käü? How does the hand/arm go?
[flag=]fi[/flag] Terve. Literally 'healthy'. Miten menee? How does it go? / How is it going? Mitä kuuluu? What is heard? Mitäs sinä? What you? (maybe from 'what are you doing')

[flag=]ja[/flag]こんにちは this day + topic particle お元気ですか。 Are [you] lively/energetic/healthy?

[flag=]hmn[/flag] Nyob zoo. Live well. Koj puas noj qab nyob zoo? Do you eat and live well?

[flag=]bm[/flag] I ni tile! You and the sun! I ka kεnε? Are you well?
native: (fi)
speaks more or less fluently: (en)
can talk about weird topics in: (sv)
learning process started: (ru) & (et)

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Re: Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

Postby księżycowy » 2017-08-13, 16:36

[flag=]en[/flag] Hello. How are you?

[flag=]es[/flag] Buenos días. Good days. ¿Cómo está Usted? How are you?
[flag=]fr[/flag] Bonjour. Good day. Comment allez-vous? How do you go?
[flag=]pt-br[/flag] Bom dia. Good day. Como vai você? How do you go?

[flag=]de[/flag] Hallo. Hello. Wie geht's? How does it go?

[flag=]ru[/flag] Здравствуйте! Be healthy/well. Как дела? How is business/affairs?
[flag=]cs[/flag] Dobrý den. Good day Jak se máte? How are you having yourself?

[flag=]ga[/flag] [Munster] Dia dhuit. God to you. Dia's Muire dhuit. God and Mary to you. Conas tánn tú? How are you? (Historically the verb tá, which tánn is a form of, is said to have meant "to stand")

[flag=]et[/flag] Tere. Hello (historically from terve 'healthy, complete'). Kuidas läheb? How does it go?
[flag=]vro[/flag] Tereq. Hello (historically from terveq 'healthy, complete'). Kuis käsi käü? How does the hand/arm go?

[flag=]ja[/flag]こんにちは this day + topic particle (Historically spelled 今日は) お元気ですか。 Are [you] lively/energetic/healthy?

[flag=]hmn[/flag] Nyob zoo. Live well. Koj puas noj qab nyob zoo? Do you eat and live well?

[flag=]bm[/flag] I ni tile! You and the sun! I ka kεnε? Are you well?

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Naava
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Re: Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

Postby Naava » 2017-08-13, 17:28

księżycowy, is there a reason why you deleted Finnish?
native: (fi)
speaks more or less fluently: (en)
can talk about weird topics in: (sv)
learning process started: (ru) & (et)

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Re: Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

Postby księżycowy » 2017-08-13, 17:39

Whoops, sorry about that.

[flag=]en[/flag] Hello. How are you?

[flag=]es[/flag] Buenos días. Good days. ¿Cómo está Usted? How are you?
[flag=]fr[/flag] Bonjour. Good day. Comment allez-vous? How do you go?
[flag=]pt-br[/flag] Bom dia. Good day. Como vai você? How do you go?

[flag=]de[/flag] Hallo. Hello. Wie geht's? How does it go?

[flag=]ru[/flag] Здравствуйте! Be healthy/well. Как дела? How is business/affairs?
[flag=]cs[/flag] Dobrý den. Good day Jak se máte? How are you having yourself?

[flag=]ga[/flag] [Munster] Dia dhuit. God to you. Dia's Muire dhuit. God and Mary to you. Conas tánn tú? How are you? (Historically the verb tá, which tánn is a form of, is said to have meant "to stand")

[flag=]et[/flag] Tere. Hello (historically from terve 'healthy, complete'). Kuidas läheb? How does it go?
[flag=]vro[/flag] Tereq. Hello (historically from terveq 'healthy, complete'). Kuis käsi käü? How does the hand/arm go?
[flag=]fi[/flag] Terve. Literally 'healthy'. Miten menee? How does it go? / How is it going? Mitä kuuluu? What is heard? Mitäs sinä? What you? (maybe from 'what are you doing')

[flag=]ja[/flag]こんにちは this day + topic particle (Historically spelled 今日は) お元気ですか。 Are [you] lively/energetic/healthy?

[flag=]hmn[/flag] Nyob zoo. Live well. Koj puas noj qab nyob zoo? Do you eat and live well?

[flag=]bm[/flag] I ni tile! You and the sun! I ka kεnε? Are you well?

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Re: Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

Postby księżycowy » 2017-08-13, 17:58

Whoops, sorry about that.

While I'm at it, I'll add a few NAILs.

[flag=]en[/flag] Hello. How are you?

[flag=]es[/flag] Buenos días. Good days. ¿Cómo está Usted? How are you?
[flag=]fr[/flag] Bonjour. Good day. Comment allez-vous? How do you go?
[flag=]pt-br[/flag] Bom dia. Good day. Como vai você? How do you go?

[flag=]de[/flag] Hallo. Hello. Wie geht's? How does it go?

[flag=]ru[/flag] Здравствуйте! Be healthy/well. Как дела? How is business/affairs?
[flag=]cs[/flag] Dobrý den. Good day Jak se máte? How are you having yourself?

[flag=]ga[/flag] [Munster] Dia dhuit. God to you. Dia's Muire dhuit. God and Mary to you. Conas tánn tú? How are you? (Historically the verb tá, which tánn is a form of, is said to have meant "to stand")

[flag=]et[/flag] Tere. Hello (historically from terve 'healthy, complete'). Kuidas läheb? How does it go?
[flag=]vro[/flag] Tereq. Hello (historically from terveq 'healthy, complete'). Kuis käsi käü? How does the hand/arm go?
[flag=]fi[/flag] Terve. Literally 'healthy'. Miten menee? How does it go? / How is it going? Mitä kuuluu? What is heard? Mitäs sinä? What you? (maybe from 'what are you doing')

[flag=]ja[/flag]こんにちは this day + topic particle (Historically spelled 今日は) お元気ですか。 Are [you] lively/energetic/healthy?

[flag=]hmn[/flag] Nyob zoo. Live well. Koj puas noj qab nyob zoo? Do you eat and live well?

[flag=]bm[/flag] I ni tile! You and the sun! I ka kεnε? Are you well?

[flag=]lkt[/flag] Háu. Hello/ yes/no (with negatives). Only used (or initiated) by male speakers. Toníkhetu? how are you? what/how is your condition?

[flag=]see[/flag] Nya:wëh sgë:nö'. [I'm] thankful [for my/your] well-being/peace. Sadögweta'? Are you well/in good health?
[flag=]cay[/flag] Sgę:nǫˀPeaceful. (Used as a way to say "hello" and to ask about one's well-being/health, as in the second phrase)) Sgę:nǫˀ gęh? Is everything peaceful?

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Re: Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

Postby Linguaphile » 2017-08-13, 18:19

+Osaka Japanese, Yucatec Maya, Mandarin

[flag=]en[/flag] Hello. How are you?

[flag=]es[/flag] Buenos días. Good days. ¿Cómo está Usted? How are you?
[flag=]fr[/flag] Bonjour. Good day. Comment allez-vous? How do you go?
[flag=]pt-br[/flag] Bom dia. Good day. Como vai você? How do you go?

[flag=]de[/flag] Hallo. Hello. Wie geht's? How does it go?

[flag=]ru[/flag] Здравствуйте! Be healthy/well. Как дела? How is business/affairs?
[flag=]cs[/flag] Dobrý den. Good day Jak se máte? How are you having yourself?

[flag=]ga[/flag] [Munster] Dia dhuit. God to you. Dia's Muire dhuit. God and Mary to you. Conas tánn tú? How are you? (Historically the verb tá, which tánn is a form of, is said to have meant "to stand")

[flag=]et[/flag] Tere. Hello (historically from terve 'healthy, complete'). Kuidas läheb? How does it go?
[flag=]vro[/flag] Tereq. Hello (historically from terveq 'healthy, complete'). Kuis käsi käü? How does the hand/arm go?
[flag=]fi[/flag] Terve. Literally 'healthy'. Miten menee? How does it go? / How is it going? Mitä kuuluu? What is heard? Mitäs sinä? What you? (maybe from 'what are you doing')

[flag=]ja[/flag]こんにちは this day + topic particle (Historically spelled 今日は) お元気ですか。 Are [you] lively/energetic/healthy?
Osaka (ja)[Osaka] 毎度! every time (related to the greeting used by shopkeepers, 'thank you for every time' = 'thank you for your patronage') もうかりまっか? (related to もうかる / もうかりますか) is it profitable?

[flag=]zh[/flag] 你好! you good! 你吃飯了嗎? have you eaten?

[flag=]hmn[/flag] Nyob zoo. Live well. Koj puas noj qab nyob zoo? Do you eat and live well?

[flag=]bm[/flag] I ni tile! You and the sun! I ka kεnε? Are you well?

[flag=]lkt[/flag] Háu. Hello/ yes/no (with negatives). Only used (or initiated) by male speakers. Toníkhetu? how are you? what/how is your condition?

Seneca (see) Nya:wëh sgë:nö'. [I'm] thankful [for my/your] well-being/peace. Sadögweta'? Are you well/in good health?
[flag=]cay[/flag] Sgę:nǫˀPeaceful. (Used as a way to say "hello" and to ask about one's well-being/health, as in the second phrase)) Sgę:nǫˀ gęh? Is everything peaceful?

[flag=]yua[/flag] Biix a beel? How is your path? Ba'ax ka wa'alik? What do you say?
Learning is a treasure that follows its owner everywhere. El aprendizaje es un tesoro que sigue a su dueño por todas partes. Õpitu on aare, mis saadab oma omanikku kõikjal. Lernen ist ein Schatz, der seinem Besitzer überallhin folgt. L'apprentissage est un trésor qui suit son propriétaire partout. Txoj kev kawm yog cov khoom muaj nqis, uas raws nws tus tswv qhov txhia chaw. Op'minõ om aarõq, miä saat uma umanikku egäl puul.

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Re: Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

Postby Levike » 2017-08-13, 18:27

+ Hungarian

[flag=]en[/flag] Hello. How are you?

[flag=]es[/flag] Buenos días. Good days. ¿Cómo está Usted? How are you?
[flag=]fr[/flag] Bonjour. Good day. Comment allez-vous? How do you go?
[flag=]pt-br[/flag] Bom dia. Good day. Como vai você? How do you go?

[flag=]de[/flag] Hallo. Hello. Wie geht's? How does it go?

[flag=]ru[/flag] Здравствуйте! Be healthy/well. Как дела? How is business/affairs?
[flag=]cs[/flag] Dobrý den. Good day Jak se máte? How are you having yourself?

[flag=]ga[/flag] [Munster] Dia dhuit. God to you. Dia's Muire dhuit. God and Mary to you. Conas tánn tú? How are you? (Historically the verb tá, which tánn is a form of, is said to have meant "to stand")

[flag=]et[/flag] Tere. Hello (historically from terve 'healthy, complete'). Kuidas läheb? How does it go?
[flag=]vro[/flag] Tereq. Hello (historically from terveq 'healthy, complete'). Kuis käsi käü? How does the hand/arm go?
[flag=]fi[/flag] Terve. Literally 'healthy'. Miten menee? How does it go? / How is it going? Mitä kuuluu? What is heard? Mitäs sinä? What you? (maybe from 'what are you doing')
[flag=]hu[/flag] Szia. Hi (Historically from Servus, meaning Servant). Mi újság? (What new?)

[flag=]ja[/flag]こんにちは this day + topic particle (Historically spelled 今日は) お元気ですか。 Are [you] lively/energetic/healthy?
Osaka (ja)[Osaka] 毎度! every time (related to the greeting used by shopkeepers, 'thank you for every time' = 'thank you for your patronage') もうかりまっか? (related to もうかる / もうかりますか) is it profitable?

[flag=]zh[/flag] 你好! you good! 你吃飯了嗎? have you eaten?

[flag=]hmn[/flag] Nyob zoo. Live well. Koj puas noj qab nyob zoo? Do you eat and live well?

[flag=]bm[/flag] I ni tile! You and the sun! I ka kεnε? Are you well?

[flag=]lkt[/flag] Háu. Hello/ yes/no (with negatives). Only used (or initiated) by male speakers. Toníkhetu? how are you? what/how is your condition?

Seneca (see) Nya:wëh sgë:nö'. [I'm] thankful [for my/your] well-being/peace. Sadögweta'? Are you well/in good health?
[flag=]cay[/flag] Sgę:nǫˀPeaceful. (Used as a way to say "hello" and to ask about one's well-being/health, as in the second phrase)) Sgę:nǫˀ gęh? Is everything peaceful?

[flag=]yua[/flag] Biix a beel? How is your path? Ba'ax ka wa'alik? What do you say?
Nem egy nap alatt épült Buda vára.

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Re: Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

Postby księżycowy » 2017-08-13, 18:58

[flag=]en[/flag] Hello. How are you?

[flag=]es[/flag] Buenos días. Good days. ¿Cómo está Usted? How are you?
[flag=]fr[/flag] Bonjour. Good day. Comment allez-vous? How do you go?
[flag=]pt-br[/flag] Bom dia. Good day. Como vai você? How do you go?

[flag=]de[/flag] Hallo. Hello. Wie geht's? How does it go?

[flag=]ru[/flag] Здравствуйте! Be healthy/well. Как дела? How is business/affairs?
[flag=]cs[/flag] Dobrý den. Good day Jak se máte? How are you having yourself?

[flag=]ga[/flag] [Munster] Dia dhuit. God to you. Dia's Muire dhuit. God and Mary to you. Conas tánn tú? How are you? (Historically the verb tá, which tánn is a form of, is said to have meant "to stand")

[flag=]et[/flag] Tere. Hello (historically from terve 'healthy, complete'). Kuidas läheb? How does it go?
[flag=]vro[/flag] Tereq. Hello (historically from terveq 'healthy, complete'). Kuis käsi käü? How does the hand/arm go?
[flag=]fi[/flag] Terve. Literally 'healthy'. Miten menee? How does it go? / How is it going? Mitä kuuluu? What is heard? Mitäs sinä? What you? (maybe from 'what are you doing')
[flag=]hu[/flag] Szia. Hi (Historically from Servus, meaning Servant). Mi újság? (What new?)

[flag=]ja[/flag]こんにちは this day + topic particle (Historically spelled 今日は) お元気ですか。 Are [you] lively/energetic/healthy?
Osaka (ja)[Osaka] 毎度! every time (related to the greeting used by shopkeepers, 'thank you for every time' = 'thank you for your patronage') もうかりまっか? (related to もうかる / もうかりますか) is it profitable?

[flag=]zh[/flag] 你好! you good! 你吃飯了嗎? have you eaten?

[flag=]hmn[/flag] Nyob zoo. Live well. Koj puas noj qab nyob zoo? Do you eat and live well?

[flag=]bm[/flag] I ni tile! You and the sun! I ka kεnε? Are you well?

[flag=]lkt[/flag] Háu. Hello/ yes/no (with negatives). Only used (or initiated) by male speakers. Toníkhetu? how are you? what/how is your condition?

Seneca (see) Nya:wëh sgë:nö'. [I'm] thankful [for my/your] well-being/peace. Sadögweta'? Are you well/in good health?
[flag=]cay[/flag] Sgę:nǫˀPeaceful. (Used as a way to say "hello" and to ask about one's well-being/health, as in the second phrase)) Sgę:nǫˀ gęh? Is everything peaceful?

[flag=]ale[/flag] [Aleut] Aang. Yes.
[flag=]esu[/flag] [Yup'ik] Aqaa/Waqaa. What do you want? What are you doing here? (Not used exactly like English 'hello,' but it can be used as a greeting. An example would be having a conversation on the phone.)

[flag=]yua[/flag] Biix a beel? How is your path? Ba'ax ka wa'alik? What do you say?

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Re: Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

Postby księżycowy » 2017-08-13, 19:02

[flag=]en[/flag] Hello. How are you?

[flag=]es[/flag] Buenos días. Good days. ¿Cómo está Usted? How are you?
[flag=]fr[/flag] Bonjour. Good day. Comment allez-vous? How do you go?
[flag=]pt-br[/flag] Bom dia. Good day. Como vai você? How do you go?

[flag=]de[/flag] Hallo. Hello. Wie geht's? How does it go?

[flag=]ru[/flag] Здравствуйте! Be healthy/well. Как дела? How is business/affairs?
[flag=]cs[/flag] Dobrý den. Good day Jak se máte? How are you having yourself?

[flag=]ga[/flag] Dia dhuit. God to you. Dia's Muire dhuit. God and Mary to you. Conas tánn tú? [Munster usage] How are you? (Historically the verb tá, which tánn is a form of, is said to have meant "to stand")

[flag=]et[/flag] Tere. Hello (historically from terve 'healthy, complete'). Kuidas läheb? How does it go?
[flag=]vro[/flag] Tereq. Hello (historically from terveq 'healthy, complete'). Kuis käsi käü? How does the hand/arm go?
[flag=]fi[/flag] Terve. Literally 'healthy'. Miten menee? How does it go? / How is it going? Mitä kuuluu? What is heard? Mitäs sinä? What you? (maybe from 'what are you doing')
[flag=]hu[/flag] Szia. Hi (Historically from Servus, meaning Servant). Mi újság? (What new?)

[flag=]ja[/flag]こんにちは this day + topic particle (Historically spelled 今日は) おはようございます it's early (used whenever someone shows up early, not just in the morning) お元気ですか。 Are [you] lively/energetic/healthy?
Osaka (ja)[Osaka] 毎度! every time (related to the greeting used by shopkeepers, 'thank you for every time' = 'thank you for your patronage') もうかりまっか? (related to もうかる / もうかりますか) is it profitable?

[flag=]zh[/flag] 你好! you good! 你吃飯了嗎? have you eaten?

[flag=]bod[/flag] བཀྲ་ཤིས་བདེ་ལེགས Good luck and blessings.

[flag=]hmn[/flag] Nyob zoo. Live well. Koj puas noj qab nyob zoo? Do you eat and live well?

[flag=]bm[/flag] I ni tile! You and the sun! I ka kεnε? Are you well?

[flag=]lkt[/flag] Háu. Hello/ yes/no (with negatives). Only used (or initiated) by male speakers. Toníkhetu? how are you? what/how is your condition?

Seneca (see) Nya:wëh sgë:nö'. [I'm] thankful [for my/your] well-being/peace. Sadögweta'? Are you well/in good health?
[flag=]cay[/flag] Sgę:nǫˀ Peaceful. (Used as a way to say "hello" and to ask about one's well-being/health, as in the second phrase) Sgę:nǫˀ gęh? Is everything peaceful?

[flag=]ale[/flag] [Aleut] Aang. Yes.
[flag=]esu[/flag] [Yup'ik] Aqaa/Waqaa. What do you want? What are you doing here? (Not used exactly like English 'hello,' but it can be used as a greeting. An example would be having a conversation on the phone.)

[flag=]yua[/flag] Biix a beel? How is your path? Ba'ax ka wa'alik? What do you say?

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Re: Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

Postby księżycowy » 2017-08-13, 19:49

Some of these writing systems do not look good in bold.

[flag=]en[/flag] Hello. How are you?

[flag=]es[/flag] Buenos días. Good days. ¿Cómo está Usted? How are you?
[flag=]fr[/flag] Bonjour. Good day. Comment allez-vous? How do you go?
[flag=]pt-br[/flag] Bom dia. Good day. Como vai você? How do you go?

[flag=]de[/flag] Hallo. Hello. Wie geht's? How does it go?

[flag=]ru[/flag] Здравствуйте! Be healthy/well. Как дела? How is business/affairs?
[flag=]cs[/flag] Dobrý den. Good day Jak se máte? How are you having yourself?

[flag=]ga[/flag] Dia dhuit. God to you. Dia's Muire dhuit. God and Mary to you. Conas tánn tú? [Munster usage] How are you? (Historically the verb tá, which tánn is a form of, is said to have meant "to stand")

[flag=]et[/flag] Tere. Hello (historically from terve 'healthy, complete'). Kuidas läheb? How does it go?
[flag=]vro[/flag] Tereq. Hello (historically from terveq 'healthy, complete'). Kuis käsi käü? How does the hand/arm go?
[flag=]fi[/flag] Terve. Literally 'healthy'. Miten menee? How does it go? / How is it going? Mitä kuuluu? What is heard? Mitäs sinä? What you? (maybe from 'what are you doing')
[flag=]hu[/flag] Szia. Hi (Historically from Servus, meaning Servant). Mi újság? (What new?)

[flag=]ja[/flag] こんにちは this day + topic particle (Historically spelled 今日は) おはようございます it's early (used whenever someone shows up early, not just in the morning) いらっしゃいませ、いらっしゃい [Please] come in/go in/be in [here]! (Used as a greeting in shops. Derived from the verb いる "to come in/go in/arrive/be in one place") お元気ですか。 Are [you] lively/energetic/healthy?
Osaka (ja)[Osaka] 毎度! every time (related to the greeting used by shopkeepers, 'thank you for every time' = 'thank you for your patronage') もうかりまっか? (related to もうかる / もうかりますか) is it profitable?

[flag=]zh[/flag] 你好! you good! 你吃飯了嗎? have you eaten?

[flag=]bod[/flag] བཀྲ་ཤིས་བདེ་ལེགས Good luck and blessings.

[flag=]hmn[/flag] Nyob zoo. Live well. Koj puas noj qab nyob zoo? Do you eat and live well?

[flag=]bm[/flag] I ni tile! You and the sun! I ka kεnε? Are you well?

[flag=]lkt[/flag] Háu. Hello/ yes/no (with negatives). Only used (or initiated) by male speakers. Toníkhetu? how are you? what/how is your condition?

Seneca (see) Nya:wëh sgë:nö'. [I'm] thankful [for my/your] well-being/peace. Sadögweta'? Are you well/in good health?
[flag=]cay[/flag] Sgę:nǫˀ Peaceful. (Used as a way to say "hello" and to ask about one's well-being/health, as in the second phrase) Sgę:nǫˀ gęh? Is everything peaceful?

[flag=]ale[/flag] [Aleut] Aang. Yes.
[flag=]esu[/flag] [Yup'ik] Aqaa/Waqaa. What do you want? What are you doing here? (Not used exactly like English 'hello,' but it can be used as a greeting. An example would be having a conversation on the phone.)

[flag=]yua[/flag] Biix a beel? How is your path? Ba'ax ka wa'alik? What do you say?

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Re: Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

Postby h34 » 2017-08-15, 6:19

[flag=]en[/flag] Hello. How are you?

[flag=]es[/flag] Buenos días. Good days. ¿Cómo está Usted? How are you?
[flag=]fr[/flag] Bonjour. Good day. Comment allez-vous? How do you go?
[flag=]pt-br[/flag] Bom dia. Good day. Como vai você? How do you go?

[flag=]de[/flag] Hallo. Hello. Wie geht's? How does it go?

[flag=]ru[/flag] Здравствуйте! Be healthy/well. Как дела? How is business/affairs?
[flag=]cs[/flag] Dobrý den. Good day Jak se máte? How are you having yourself?

[flag=]ga[/flag] Dia dhuit. God to you. Dia's Muire dhuit. God and Mary to you. Conas tánn tú? [Munster usage] How are you? (Historically the verb tá, which tánn is a form of, is said to have meant "to stand")

[flag=]et[/flag] Tere. Hello (historically from terve 'healthy, complete'). Kuidas läheb? How does it go?
[flag=]vro[/flag] Tereq. Hello (historically from terveq 'healthy, complete'). Kuis käsi käü? How does the hand/arm go?
[flag=]fi[/flag] Terve. Literally 'healthy'. Miten menee? How does it go? / How is it going? Mitä kuuluu? What is heard? Mitäs sinä? What you? (maybe from 'what are you doing')
[flag=]hu[/flag] Szia. Hi (Historically from Servus, meaning Servant). Mi újság? (What new?)
[flag=]mhr[/flag] Поро кечe. Good day. Поро кечет лийже. May your day be good.Кузе илет? How are you living?
[flag=]myv[/flag] Паро чи. Good day. Шумбрачи! Health!
[flag=]ja[/flag] こんにちは this day + topic particle (Historically spelled 今日は) おはようございます it's early (used whenever someone shows up early, not just in the morning) いらっしゃいませ、いらっしゃい [Please] come in/go in/be in [here]! (Used as a greeting in shops. Derived from the verb いる "to come in/go in/arrive/be in one place") お元気ですか。 Are [you] lively/energetic/healthy?
Osaka (ja)[Osaka] 毎度! every time (related to the greeting used by shopkeepers, 'thank you for every time' = 'thank you for your patronage') もうかりまっか? (related to もうかる / もうかりますか) is it profitable?

[flag=]zh[/flag] 你好! you good! 你吃飯了嗎? have you eaten?

[flag=]bod[/flag] བཀྲ་ཤིས་བདེ་ལེགས Good luck and blessings.

[flag=]hmn[/flag] Nyob zoo. Live well. Koj puas noj qab nyob zoo? Do you eat and live well?

[flag=]bm[/flag] I ni tile! You and the sun! I ka kεnε? Are you well?

[flag=]lkt[/flag] Háu. Hello/ yes/no (with negatives). Only used (or initiated) by male speakers. Toníkhetu? how are you? what/how is your condition?

Seneca (see) Nya:wëh sgë:nö'. [I'm] thankful [for my/your] well-being/peace. Sadögweta'? Are you well/in good health?
[flag=]cay[/flag] Sgę:nǫˀ Peaceful. (Used as a way to say "hello" and to ask about one's well-being/health, as in the second phrase) Sgę:nǫˀ gęh? Is everything peaceful?

[flag=]ale[/flag] [Aleut] Aang. Yes.
[flag=]esu[/flag] [Yup'ik] Aqaa/Waqaa. What do you want? What are you doing here? (Not used exactly like English 'hello,' but it can be used as a greeting. An example would be having a conversation on the phone.)

[flag=]yua[/flag] Biix a beel? How is your path? Ba'ax ka wa'alik? What do you say?

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Re: Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

Postby księżycowy » 2017-08-15, 8:02

Since we're talking about salutations in general, I always found at least one of the Japanese goodbyes interesting: じゃ which is basically like leaving the conversation unfinished.

[flag=]en[/flag] Hello. How are you?

[flag=]es[/flag] Buenos días. Good days. ¿Cómo está Usted? How are you?
[flag=]fr[/flag] Bonjour. Good day. Comment allez-vous? How do you go?
[flag=]pt-br[/flag] Bom dia. Good day. Como vai você? How do you go?

[flag=]de[/flag] Hallo. Hello. Wie geht's? How does it go?

[flag=]ru[/flag] Здравствуйте! Be healthy/well. Как дела? How is business/affairs?
[flag=]cs[/flag] Dobrý den. Good day Jak se máte? How are you having yourself?

[flag=]ga[/flag] Dia dhuit. God to you. Dia's Muire dhuit. God and Mary to you. Conas tánn tú? [Munster usage] How are you? (Historically the verb tá, which tánn is a form of, is said to have meant "to stand")

[flag=]et[/flag] Tere. Hello (historically from terve 'healthy, complete'). Kuidas läheb? How does it go?
[flag=]vro[/flag] Tereq. Hello (historically from terveq 'healthy, complete'). Kuis käsi käü? How does the hand/arm go?
[flag=]fi[/flag] Terve. Literally 'healthy'. Miten menee? How does it go? / How is it going? Mitä kuuluu? What is heard? Mitäs sinä? What you? (maybe from 'what are you doing')
[flag=]hu[/flag] Szia. Hi (Historically from Servus, meaning Servant). Mi újság? (What new?)
[flag=]mhr[/flag] Поро кечe. Good day. Поро кечет лийже. May your day be good.Кузе илет? How are you living?
[flag=]myv[/flag] Паро чи. Good day. Шумбрачи! Health!

[flag=]ja[/flag] こんにちは this day + topic particle (Historically spelled 今日は) おはようございます it's early (used whenever someone shows up early, not just in the morning) いらっしゃいませ、いらっしゃい [Please] come in/go in/be in [here]! (Used as a greeting in shops. Derived from the verb いる "to come in/go in/arrive/be in one place") お元気ですか。 Are [you] lively/energetic/healthy? じゃ。 well (used when leaving)
Osaka (ja)[Osaka] 毎度! every time (related to the greeting used by shopkeepers, 'thank you for every time' = 'thank you for your patronage') もうかりまっか? (related to もうかる / もうかりますか) is it profitable?

[flag=]zh[/flag] 你好! you good! 你吃飯了嗎? have you eaten?

[flag=]bod[/flag] བཀྲ་ཤིས་བདེ་ལེགས Good luck and blessings.

[flag=]hmn[/flag] Nyob zoo. Live well. Koj puas noj qab nyob zoo? Do you eat and live well?

[flag=]bm[/flag] I ni tile! You and the sun! I ka kεnε? Are you well?

[flag=]lkt[/flag] Háu. Hello/ yes/no (with negatives). Only used (or initiated) by male speakers. Toníkhetu? how are you? what/how is your condition?

Seneca (see) Nya:wëh sgë:nö'. [I'm] thankful [for my/your] well-being/peace. Sadögweta'? Are you well/in good health?
[flag=]cay[/flag] Sgę:nǫˀ Peaceful. (Used as a way to say "hello" and to ask about one's well-being/health, as in the second phrase) Sgę:nǫˀ gęh? Is everything peaceful?

[flag=]ale[/flag] [Aleut] Aang. Yes.
[flag=]esu[/flag] [Yup'ik] Aqaa/Waqaa. What do you want? What are you doing here? (Not used exactly like English 'hello,' but it can be used as a greeting. An example would be having a conversation on the phone.)

[flag=]yua[/flag] Biix a beel? How is your path? Ba'ax ka wa'alik? What do you say?[/quote]

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Re: Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

Postby Sante_Caserio » 2017-08-15, 8:56

Swedish and Värmlandic

[flag=]en[/flag] Hello. How are you?
[flag=]de[/flag] Hallo. Hello. Wie geht's? How does it go?
[flag=]sv[/flag] Hallå/Hej. Hello/Hi. Hur är läget? How is the "position"?
[flag=]sv[/flag] Hallå/Hej. Hello/Hi. Höss ä rä mä re? How is it with you? (singular) (Värmlandic)

[flag=]es[/flag] Buenos días. Good days. ¿Cómo está Usted? How are you?
[flag=]fr[/flag] Bonjour. Good day. Comment allez-vous? How do you go?
[flag=]pt-br[/flag] Bom dia. Good day. Como vai você? How do you go?

[flag=]ru[/flag] Здравствуйте! Be healthy/well. Как дела? How is business/affairs?
[flag=]cs[/flag] Dobrý den. Good day Jak se máte? How are you having yourself?

[flag=]ga[/flag] Dia dhuit. God to you. Dia's Muire dhuit. God and Mary to you. Conas tánn tú? [Munster usage] How are you? (Historically the verb tá, which tánn is a form of, is said to have meant "to stand")

[flag=]et[/flag] Tere. Hello (historically from terve 'healthy, complete'). Kuidas läheb? How does it go?
[flag=]vro[/flag] Tereq. Hello (historically from terveq 'healthy, complete'). Kuis käsi käü? How does the hand/arm go?
[flag=]fi[/flag] Terve. Literally 'healthy'. Miten menee? How does it go? / How is it going? Mitä kuuluu? What is heard? Mitäs sinä? What you? (maybe from 'what are you doing')
[flag=]hu[/flag] Szia. Hi (Historically from Servus, meaning Servant). Mi újság? (What new?)
[flag=]mhr[/flag] Поро кечe. Good day. Поро кечет лийже. May your day be good.Кузе илет? How are you living?
[flag=]myv[/flag] Паро чи. Good day. Шумбрачи! Health!

[flag=]ja[/flag] こんにちは this day + topic particle (Historically spelled 今日は) おはようございます it's early (used whenever someone shows up early, not just in the morning) いらっしゃいませ、いらっしゃい [Please] come in/go in/be in [here]! (Used as a greeting in shops. Derived from the verb いる "to come in/go in/arrive/be in one place") お元気ですか。 Are [you] lively/energetic/healthy? じゃ。 well (used when leaving)
Osaka (ja)[Osaka] 毎度! every time (related to the greeting used by shopkeepers, 'thank you for every time' = 'thank you for your patronage') もうかりまっか? (related to もうかる / もうかりますか) is it profitable?

[flag=]zh[/flag] 你好! you good! 你吃飯了嗎? have you eaten?

[flag=]bod[/flag] བཀྲ་ཤིས་བདེ་ལེགས Good luck and blessings.

[flag=]hmn[/flag] Nyob zoo. Live well. Koj puas noj qab nyob zoo? Do you eat and live well?

[flag=]bm[/flag] I ni tile! You and the sun! I ka kεnε? Are you well?

[flag=]lkt[/flag] Háu. Hello/ yes/no (with negatives). Only used (or initiated) by male speakers. Toníkhetu? how are you? what/how is your condition?

Seneca (see) Nya:wëh sgë:nö'. [I'm] thankful [for my/your] well-being/peace. Sadögweta'? Are you well/in good health?
[flag=]cay[/flag] Sgę:nǫˀ Peaceful. (Used as a way to say "hello" and to ask about one's well-being/health, as in the second phrase) Sgę:nǫˀ gęh? Is everything peaceful?

[flag=]ale[/flag] [Aleut] Aang. Yes.
[flag=]esu[/flag] [Yup'ik] Aqaa/Waqaa. What do you want? What are you doing here? (Not used exactly like English 'hello,' but it can be used as a greeting. An example would be having a conversation on the phone.)

[flag=]yua[/flag] Biix a beel? How is your path? Ba'ax ka wa'alik? What do you say?[/quote][/quote]

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Re: Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

Postby md0 » 2017-08-15, 9:08

Greek

[flag=]en[/flag] Hello. How are you?
[flag=]de[/flag] Hallo. Hello. Wie geht's? How does it go?
[flag=]sv[/flag] Hallå/Hej. Hello/Hi. Hur är läget? How is the "position"?
[flag=]sv[/flag] Hallå/Hej. Hello/Hi. Höss ä rä mä re? How is it with you? (singular) (Värmlandic)

[flag=]es[/flag] Buenos días. Good days. ¿Cómo está Usted? How are you?
[flag=]fr[/flag] Bonjour. Good day. Comment allez-vous? How do you go?
[flag=]pt-br[/flag] Bom dia. Good day. Como vai você? How do you go?

[flag=]ru[/flag] Здравствуйте! Be healthy/well. Как дела? How is business/affairs?
[flag=]cs[/flag] Dobrý den. Good day Jak se máte? How are you having yourself?

[flag=]ga[/flag] Dia dhuit. God to you. Dia's Muire dhuit. God and Mary to you. Conas tánn tú? [Munster usage] How are you? (Historically the verb tá, which tánn is a form of, is said to have meant "to stand")

[flag=]et[/flag] Tere. Hello (historically from terve 'healthy, complete'). Kuidas läheb? How does it go?
[flag=]vro[/flag] Tereq. Hello (historically from terveq 'healthy, complete'). Kuis käsi käü? How does the hand/arm go?
[flag=]fi[/flag] Terve. Literally 'healthy'. Miten menee? How does it go? / How is it going? Mitä kuuluu? What is heard? Mitäs sinä? What you? (maybe from 'what are you doing')
[flag=]hu[/flag] Szia. Hi (Historically from Servus, meaning Servant). Mi újság? (What new?)
[flag=]mhr[/flag] Поро кечe. Good day. Поро кечет лийже. May your day be good.Кузе илет? How are you living?
[flag=]myv[/flag] Паро чи. Good day. Шумбрачи! Health!

[flag=]ja[/flag] こんにちは this day + topic particle (Historically spelled 今日は) おはようございます it's early (used whenever someone shows up early, not just in the morning) いらっしゃいませ、いらっしゃい [Please] come in/go in/be in [here]! (Used as a greeting in shops. Derived from the verb いる "to come in/go in/arrive/be in one place") お元気ですか。 Are [you] lively/energetic/healthy? じゃ。 well (used when leaving)
Osaka (ja)[Osaka] 毎度! every time (related to the greeting used by shopkeepers, 'thank you for every time' = 'thank you for your patronage') もうかりまっか? (related to もうかる / もうかりますか) is it profitable?

[flag=]zh[/flag] 你好! you good! 你吃飯了嗎? have you eaten?

[flag=]bod[/flag] བཀྲ་ཤིས་བདེ་ལེགས Good luck and blessings.

[flag=]hmn[/flag] Nyob zoo. Live well. Koj puas noj qab nyob zoo? Do you eat and live well?

[flag=]bm[/flag] I ni tile! You and the sun! I ka kεnε? Are you well?

[flag=]lkt[/flag] Háu. Hello/ yes/no (with negatives). Only used (or initiated) by male speakers. Toníkhetu? how are you? what/how is your condition?

Seneca (see) Nya:wëh sgë:nö'. [I'm] thankful [for my/your] well-being/peace. Sadögweta'? Are you well/in good health?
[flag=]cay[/flag] Sgę:nǫˀ Peaceful. (Used as a way to say "hello" and to ask about one's well-being/health, as in the second phrase) Sgę:nǫˀ gęh? Is everything peaceful?

[flag=]ale[/flag] [Aleut] Aang. Yes.
[flag=]esu[/flag] [Yup'ik] Aqaa/Waqaa. What do you want? What are you doing here? (Not used exactly like English 'hello,' but it can be used as a greeting. An example would be having a conversation on the phone.)

[flag=]yua[/flag] Biix a beel? How is your path? Ba'ax ka wa'alik? What do you say?

[flag=]el[/flag] Γεια, πώς είσαι; Hello (< Health), how are you?
[flag=]el-cy[/flag] Γεια, νάμπου κάμνεις; Hello (< Health), what are you up to?
"If you like your clause structure, you can keep your clause structure"

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Re: Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

Postby Sante_Caserio » 2017-08-15, 9:20

[flag=]en[/flag] Hello. How are you?
[flag=]de[/flag] Hallo. Hello. Wie geht's? How does it go?
[flag=]sv[/flag] God dag. Good day. Hallå/Hej. Hello/Hi. Hur är läget? How is the "position"?
[flag=]sv[/flag] Go daa. Good day. Hallå/Hej. Hello/Hi. Höss ä rä mä re? How is it with you? Ä ru hörk? Are you healthy/alert? (Värmlandic)

[flag=]es[/flag] Buenos días. Good days. ¿Cómo está Usted? How are you?
[flag=]fr[/flag] Bonjour. Good day. Comment allez-vous? How do you go?
[flag=]pt-br[/flag] Bom dia. Good day. Como vai você? How do you go?

[flag=]ru[/flag] Здравствуйте! Be healthy/well. Как дела? How is business/affairs?
[flag=]cs[/flag] Dobrý den. Good day Jak se máte? How are you having yourself?

[flag=]ga[/flag] Dia dhuit. God to you. Dia's Muire dhuit. God and Mary to you. Conas tánn tú? [Munster usage] How are you? (Historically the verb tá, which tánn is a form of, is said to have meant "to stand")

[flag=]et[/flag] Tere. Hello (historically from terve 'healthy, complete'). Kuidas läheb? How does it go?
[flag=]vro[/flag] Tereq. Hello (historically from terveq 'healthy, complete'). Kuis käsi käü? How does the hand/arm go?
[flag=]fi[/flag] Terve. Literally 'healthy'. Miten menee? How does it go? / How is it going? Mitä kuuluu? What is heard? Mitäs sinä? What you? (maybe from 'what are you doing')
[flag=]hu[/flag] Szia. Hi (Historically from Servus, meaning Servant). Mi újság? (What new?)
[flag=]mhr[/flag] Поро кечe. Good day. Поро кечет лийже. May your day be good.Кузе илет? How are you living?
[flag=]myv[/flag] Паро чи. Good day. Шумбрачи! Health!

[flag=]ja[/flag] こんにちは this day + topic particle (Historically spelled 今日は) おはようございます it's early (used whenever someone shows up early, not just in the morning) いらっしゃいませ、いらっしゃい [Please] come in/go in/be in [here]! (Used as a greeting in shops. Derived from the verb いる "to come in/go in/arrive/be in one place") お元気ですか。 Are [you] lively/energetic/healthy? じゃ。 well (used when leaving)
Osaka (ja)[Osaka] 毎度! every time (related to the greeting used by shopkeepers, 'thank you for every time' = 'thank you for your patronage') もうかりまっか? (related to もうかる / もうかりますか) is it profitable?

[flag=]zh[/flag] 你好! you good! 你吃飯了嗎? have you eaten?

[flag=]bod[/flag] བཀྲ་ཤིས་བདེ་ལེགས Good luck and blessings.

[flag=]hmn[/flag] Nyob zoo. Live well. Koj puas noj qab nyob zoo? Do you eat and live well?

[flag=]bm[/flag] I ni tile! You and the sun! I ka kεnε? Are you well?

[flag=]lkt[/flag] Háu. Hello/ yes/no (with negatives). Only used (or initiated) by male speakers. Toníkhetu? how are you? what/how is your condition?

Seneca (see) Nya:wëh sgë:nö'. [I'm] thankful [for my/your] well-being/peace. Sadögweta'? Are you well/in good health?
[flag=]cay[/flag] Sgę:nǫˀ Peaceful. (Used as a way to say "hello" and to ask about one's well-being/health, as in the second phrase) Sgę:nǫˀ gęh? Is everything peaceful?

[flag=]ale[/flag] [Aleut] Aang. Yes.
[flag=]esu[/flag] [Yup'ik] Aqaa/Waqaa. What do you want? What are you doing here? (Not used exactly like English 'hello,' but it can be used as a greeting. An example would be having a conversation on the phone.)

[flag=]yua[/flag] Biix a beel? How is your path? Ba'ax ka wa'alik? What do you say?

[flag=]el[/flag] Γεια, πώς είσαι; Hello (< Health), how are you?
[flag=]el-cy[/flag] Γεια, νάμπου κάμνεις; Hello (< Health), what are you up to?

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Re: Literal meanings of common greetings/salutations

Postby księżycowy » 2017-08-16, 0:10

(en) Hello. How are you?
(de) Hallo. Hello. Wie geht's? How does it go?
(sv) God dag. Good day. Hallå/Hej. Hello/Hi. Hur är läget? How is the "position"?
(sv) Go daa. Good day. Hallå/Hej. Hello/Hi. Höss ä rä mä re? How is it with you? Ä ru hörk? Are you healthy/alert? (Värmlandic)

(es) Buenos días. Good days. ¿Cómo está Usted? How are you?
(fr) Bonjour. Good day. Comment allez-vous? How do you go?
(pt-br) Bom dia. Good day. Como vai você? How do you go?

(ru) Здравствуйте! Be healthy/well. Как дела? How is business/affairs?
(cs) Dobrý den. Good day Jak se máte? How are you having yourself?

(ga) Dia dhuit. God to you. Dia's Muire dhuit. God and Mary to you. Conas tánn tú? [Munster usage] How are you? (Historically the verb tá, which tánn is a form of, is said to have meant "to stand")

(el) Γεια, πώς είσαι; Hello (< Health), how are you?
(el-cy) Γεια, νάμπου κάμνεις; Hello (< Health), what are you up to?

(et) Tere. Hello (historically from terve 'healthy, complete'). Kuidas läheb? How does it go?
(vro) Tereq. Hello (historically from terveq 'healthy, complete'). Kuis käsi käü? How does the hand/arm go?
(fi) Terve. Literally 'healthy'. Miten menee? How does it go? / How is it going? Mitä kuuluu? What is heard? Mitäs sinä? What you? (maybe from 'what are you doing')
(hu) Szia. Hi (Historically from Servus, meaning Servant). Mi újság? (What new?)
(mhr) Поро кечe. Good day. Поро кечет лийже. May your day be good.Кузе илет? How are you living?
(myv) Паро чи. Good day. Шумбрачи! Health!

(ja) こんにちは this day + topic particle (Historically spelled 今日は) おはようございます it's early (used whenever someone shows up early, not just in the morning) いらっしゃいませ、いらっしゃい [Please] come in/go in/be in [here]! (Used as a greeting in shops. Derived from the verb いる "to come in/go in/arrive/be in one place") お元気ですか。 Are [you] lively/energetic/healthy? じゃ。 well (used when leaving)
Osaka (ja-kan)[Osaka] 毎度! every time (related to the greeting used by shopkeepers, 'thank you for every time' = 'thank you for your patronage') もうかりまっか? (related to もうかる / もうかりますか) is it profitable?

(zh) 你好! you good! 你吃飯了嗎? have you eaten?

(bod) བཀྲ་ཤིས་བདེ་ལེགས Good luck and blessings.

(hmn) Nyob zoo. Live well. Koj puas noj qab nyob zoo? Do you eat and live well?

(bm) I ni tile! You and the sun! I ka kεnε? Are you well?

(lkt) Háu. Hello/ yes/no (with negatives). Only used (or initiated) by male speakers. Toníkhetu? how are you? what/how is your condition?

Seneca (see) Nya:wëh sgë:nö'. [I'm] thankful [for my/your] well-being/peace. Sadögweta'? Are you well/in good health?
(cay) Sgę:nǫˀ Peaceful. (Used as a way to say "hello" and to ask about one's well-being/health, as in the second phrase) Sgę:nǫˀ gęh? Is everything peaceful?

Aleut (ale) [Aleut] Aang. Yes.
Central Alaskan Yupik (esu) [Yup'ik] Aqaa/Waqaa. What do you want? What are you doing here? (Not used exactly like English 'hello,' but it can be used as a greeting. An example would be having a conversation on the phone.)

(yua) Biix a beel? How is your path? Ba'ax ka wa'alik? What do you say?


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