Each word has its main meaning, though many times there multiple of them. In this case it's the adjective form. The main meaning is "loved". Which mean that basically laki=loved. Though, depending on the situation it might mean "loving". I can't exactly define these situations, it depends on the context.
Now, it is possible to precise which meaning you want to use. When there's only two different meanings, you can use "-sµa" to force the other meaning.
So here, laki = loved ; lakisµi = loving.
The use of this prefix can be way more complex, but I'll come back to that a bit later as there are dozens of forms to introduce. (e.g. lakisµai : lovable; lakisµoi : with love~)
Now...Tenses, Moods, Aspects :
I will probably forgot some of them, but let's try.
First of all, Dèyrik has its own way of describing these three. These are put in the same bag, but I'll try to stay clear.Tenses :
Tenses in Dèyrik are, as usual, split into two parts : the simple-ones, the complex-ones.
They somehow always work the same, they're prefix.Here are the simple ones : Past :
-pèrprôn (this one is mostly to give advice)
Which would lead to these sentences :
Ti ilaka a : I love you.
Ti ilakapa a : I loved you.
Ti ilakapôn a : I'll love you.
Ti ilakaprôn a : I'd love you.
Ti ilakapèrprôn : I should/better love you.
Now, imperative is considered a simple tense (though it's more a mood I think) and it has three forms. I've already shown one, here are the two others : Imperative for order :
This one will change the pronoun attached to the verb. I did not introduce the "mi" yet, though let's assume it is another pronoun.
Here are the changes :
- I => Ko/Khi
- Ti => Ki
- Aro => Karo
- Cèr/Tcèr => Kcèr/Ktcèr
- Lo => Klo
- Arès => Karès
- Id => Kid
- Gû => Kû
- Mi => Kmi
As you can see except for three pronouns, it simply adds a "k" before it. The first two are remains of the past. (I used to be "o" and Ti used to be "i") And well, pronouncing "Kgû" is enough to understand how it ended "kû". ^^
So we'll have :
I kilaka a = Love me!Imperative for slang :
As said the title, this one is almost everywhere part of the slang. There's only three forms :
2pers.sing : é
1pers.plur : û
2pers.plur : è
These letters will replace the "a" at the end of the verb, or if the "a" at the end of the sentence.
Ada = to be quiet
Adé = shut up!The complex ones :
They still work the same. Many of them are NOT tense in the common sense, though they're part of the same group in this language.
a = I don't
love you anymore
. (not anymore)
a = I already
love you. (already)
a = I still
love you. (still)
a = I love you again
a = I now love you. (the action/state is new
a = Loving you ... (I don't know yet how to explain this one, even in french, I'll come back to it later. ^^)
And the last two are used only to form sentences with more than one proposition :
iada a = While
I'm in love, I'm silent. (if no subject to the first verb, the subject is the one of the main sentence)Ti
iada a = While you'
re in love, I'm silent. (here the first verb has a subject, no problem)
tiada a = You, who
love me, are silent.
Now, let's get to the "fun" part with the ...Aspects :
I'm calling it aspects right now (and I'm not sure they are ^^"), though once again, in Dèyrik, these are still tenses.
First of all, it is possible to have many tenses stick one to the other, even the same tense :
Ti ilakapa a = I loved you.
Ti ilakapapa a = I've been loving you.
It is also important to introduce two important think of the Dèyrik : ô and sôz
Ô is there to "close". What do I mean by that?
In this sentence :
I love you.
You're not saying you're only in love with "you". That's what Dèyrik call "open".
Let's translate :
Ti ilaka a
Now these two possible sentences :Ôti
ilaka a = I love only you
. (only you is loved)
a = I only love
you. (you is only loved)
This is applicable to tense.
a = I used to love you.
Because the action/state is in the past and only in the past. In fact you could even translate : I used to love you and never will again.ôko
This little tense I have trouble to explain can also serve has the present tense. When closed that's the value it has.
Ti ilakaôko a = I love you (but didn't, and probably won't).Sôz
Sôz is there to create the opposite idea. Dèyrik insist the difference between contrary and opposite.
Let's say I say : I don't love you.
(oh, btw negation is introduced by "-nis" prefix, which comes at the end of the tenses)
In english this sentence does not illustrate as in french the problem, but let's take : "I don't like you.".
Here you somehow or sometimes mean you dislike the person.
The sentence : "Ti ilékonis a" (I don't like you) will never say that in Dèyrik.
It'll always simply mean that you don't particularly appreciate the person.
Now, this sentence :
Ti isôzléko a
Definitely means you dislike the person.
Now, guess what, it can be attached to the tenses.
Though, it doesn't exactly work the you could imagine it would work. It quiet complicate to use.
We could imagine that "sôzpa" = "pôn". While it doesn't. In fact it's closer to "ha".
I'd have to describe each one to be precise but I'll do it a bit later, 'cause I'm lazy. :p
And then comes ...Bui -> Bô
The word's "bui" but it'll be used here in the form of "bô".
Bô is wearing the idea the action/state is over. And its second form "Bôn" is there to push the action in the time.
In order to be used, they're place in the beginning of the proposition.
Two examples :
Bô ti ilakapa a = I used to love. (I don't anymore, but maybe after)
Bôn ti ilakapa = I loved you a long time ago.
Now... Bô and Bôn are tenses, which means....
Sôzbô ti ilakapa a = I loved you and still do.
Sôzbôn ti ilakapa a = I recently fall in love with you.
Ôbô ti ilakapa a = ... I don't know how to translate this, but I've the idea. ^^"
Ôbôn ti ilakapa a = I only loved you a long time ago.
Bôpa ti ilakapa a = I used to be in love with, but I stopped. (both loved and stopped loving in the past)
And so on.
There are other way to form tenses. Technically there's just an infinity of tenses in Dèyrik (or at least to many possibility for me to count). ^^
Tell me if I forgot anything and if I'm not clear, which would not surprise me. ^^