Accusative -n to adjective?

Timme98
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Accusative -n to adjective?

Postby Timme98 » 2015-02-12, 19:05

I am having quite a problem with accusative. When the object is an accusative object, do you also add an -n to the adjective describing the object. When it is plural you add a j to the adjective but accusative?
Example:
"Mi vidas la grandan tablon"
or
"Mi vidas la granda tablon"?

Mutusen
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Re: Accusative -n to adjective?

Postby Mutusen » 2015-02-13, 10:29

Yes. "Mi vidas la grandan tablon."
„Koľko jazykov vieš, toľkokrát si človekom.“

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Swalf
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Re: Accusative -n to adjective?

Postby Swalf » 2015-02-16, 13:35

Accusative is probably most debated argument in Esperanto.
Eo is an agglutinative language, so accusative mark must be added with other marks (word class, plural etc.).

Mi vidas la grandan tablon
Mi vidas la grandajn tablojn

Order must be: root + optional suffixes + mandatory class word mark + plural mark + accusative mark
 (it)★★★★  (eo)★★★  (en)★★  (lmo)★★
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Re: Accusative -n to adjective?

Postby orthohawk » 2015-05-26, 14:00

Swalf wrote:Accusative is probably most debated argument in Esperanto.

Usually by speakers of languages that don't mark nouns used as direct objects. The thing I find aggravating about this attitude is when those people DO speak languages that mark PRONOUNS for direct objects: English, Spanish, to name two. They seem to have no objection that.
Russian marks most feminine nouns for accusative, but I have yet to see anyone complain about that......grumble when first learning yes, but once they learn it, suddenly it's no problem?
*I use Quaker-style Plain Speech forms for speaking to one person. Esperante, mi uzas "ci/cia/cin" SEN iu ajn nuanco de intimeco aŭ ofendo.


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