Cesare M. wrote:I am not sure if there is already a thread about this, and I am not studying Romanian at the moment (although I might consider going back to studying it more often next year), but I was just wondering if any of you who can speak a Romanian dialect, apart from Standard Romanian, can explain in detail in this thread all the important differences from what you know at the moment between your dialect and the standard one.
I am just very curious to know. Thanks.
I'm not the one you're looking for, because the Romanian I speak is pretty much identical to the standard, but I might be able to help you finding what you need.
The phylogenetic tree of Romanian is two-tiered. First, the branch of Eastern Romance languages, of which Romanian is the best known, also consists of Aromanian, Macedo-Romanian, and Istro-Romanian. As you might know, the definition of dialect is somewhat fuzzy, so some linguists consider these four languages to be independent, others consider them dialects of Romanian (in which case the main dialect is called Daco-Romanian, to avoid confusion). You can look these up in Wikipedia.
Second, each of these languages/dialects further fork into smaller branches, that are usually called subdialects (although again there is no clear definition). Among them, Romanian has several subdialects, which differ from one another in pronunciation (the main classifying criterion), vocabulary, slightly in morphology, and are practically identical in syntax. For the non-specialists, the most obvious difference is in "accent" (certain sounds are pronounced differently) and in regional words.
The Wikipedia articles on these subdialects were written by myself, so I wouldn't presume to tell you they're good, but at least you can get some useful ideas. You can start from this article on all Romanian subdialects
and then follow the links to individual articles.
Unfortunately, the sources I used there were all in Romanian, so they won't help you much. I can only confirm that my personal experience of traveling around Romania and talking with speakers of those subdialects agrees very well with what the sources say (which of course is rather a confirmation that my personal experience is okay, not that the sources were right.)
[flag]ro[/flag] maternă [flag]us[/flag] pretty well [flag]fr[/flag] pas mal [flag]ja[/flag] 順調