I'll start out with a few comments on my own previous post:
Kɛkrɛbu means 'to die', apparently from "kick the bucket"(!).
This expression is also pretty common in other Atlantic English-based creoles. I wonder whether maybe that might suggest a Ship English origin for "kick the bucket," but I haven't found any evidence of that being a theory or anything yet.
Also, fritambo apparently means 'bush deer' but is (sometimes? commonly?) mistranslated as "rabbit"(!).
In fact, I remember my advisor saying that Br'er Rabbit
was originally not a rabbit at all but rather a bush deer. In his course packet, he also includes a drawing with a caption that he calls "The Real Bre'r Rabbit"; the caption reads "Cunnie Rabbit pretends to blow all the horns," but the animal portrayed there, as he points out, clearly is not a rabbit and does look much more like a bush deer.
One more note about phonology: Apparently, in Krio, two adjacent highs undergo upstep. So I guess if one high tone is next to another, the second (in sequence) will be higher than the first. Also, Ruˈbi
is a name (Ruby); ˈrubi
means 'ruby' as in the stone.
Nouns also aren't marked for number except with the optional pluralizer dɛn
. Thus dì pikîn
, where the first syllable has a low tone and the last has a falling one, can mean both 'the child' and 'the children', but di pikin dèn
(where the last syllable is low) can only mean 'the children'.
Possessors come before the possessum, thus di pikin tois
means 'the child's toy' (or 'the child's toys', I guess).ˈWaka
'to walk' has the same (initial) vowel as its equivalent in Early Modern English, i.e. [waː
The personal pronouns are a
, and dɛn
(this isn't a complete list). A de ˈwaka
can mean either 'I am walking (now)' or 'I walk (usually)', de
being one of the two main aspect markers in Krio. The other one is ˈdɔn
, e.g. yu ˈdɔn ˈwaka
. On the surface, in this sentence, ˈdɔn
is pronounced with a rising tone, and ˈwaka
, with a falling tone. Apparently, "done" in AAVE is related to the usage of ˈdɔn
etc. in English-based Atlantic creoles.
OK, I think that's actually enough for now.